Atypical Presentation of COVID-19 as Acute Leukemia: A Case Report

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Number of pages: 189-191
Year-Number: 2021-Volume: 3 Issue: 2

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Abstract

In the absence of respiratory system involvement, COVID-19 patients developing ARDS can clinically mimic other diseases including acute leukemia due to presence of atypical lymphocytes in peripheral blood smear and increased serum lactate dehydrogenase and serum uric acid levels. Herein, we report a case who was initially suspected to have acute leukemia based on his atypical symptoms without any respiratory system involvement and deranged laboratory parameters and finally, diagnosed with COVID-19. Our patient presented with fever, myalgia, gum bleed, and petechiae. On clinical and laboratory evaluation, he was suspected to have acute leukemia based on markedly deranged serum lactate dehydrogenase and serum uric acid and the presence of atypical cells in peripheral blood smear and bone marrow. On day 3 of hospitalization, he developed respiratory symptoms, breathing difficulty which progressed to ARDS, and subsequently, he succumbed to his illness. His real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 yielded positive results. Also, Flow cytometry and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies for leukemia workup did not show any abnormalities. Although we are reporting the findings of only a single case, we aim to enhance and contribute further to the understanding of this novel infection.

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