Evaluation of Hallux Valgus Deformity among Medical Student : A Cross-Sectional Study

Author : -Keziban Karacan, Mehtap Erdoğan
Number of pages : 278-283

Abstract

Hallux valgus (HV) deformity is one of the most prevalent orthopedic foot disorders in the world; It occurs as a result of the lateral deviation of the great toe and medial deviation of metatarsophalangeal joint I (MTP). Many factors such as neuromuscular diseases, familial transition, wrong shoe choice and systemic diseases play a role in HV etiology. The treatmalet and follow-up process of HV, which has negative effects on walking and quality of life when not treated, varies in different populations. The aim of our study is to determine the rate of HV in the young population and to determine the effect of factors such as wrong shoe choice and excess body weight. We conducted measuremalets on 300 students (120 male, 180 female) studying at the Faculty of Medicine of Sakarya University. The average age of the students was found to be 19.87 ± 1.55 (ss). Percentages of students' right foot HV angles; While 94 % mild type HV angle was determined as 6 % moderate type HV angle, severe type HV angle was not found in both sexes. According to the results of the study, it was concluded that that the pain intensity and loss of function related to HV were higher in female depending on the shoe preference. Surgical treatmalet of HV affects the physical appearance of individuals as well as negatively affects quality of life due to pain and loss of function, is a difficult process. Therefore, conservative treatmalet should be the primary choice. Careful evaluation of social parameters that are part of conservative treatmalet; will contribute positively to physicians and physiotherapists.

Keywords

Deformity, deviation, hallux valgus, metatarsophalangeal joint I, pain.

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