Despite many scientific studies on the subject of fracture healing, the effective treatment of lesions in this tissue is still a major problem. Although there have been recent remarkable developments in the treatment methods applied, they remain insufficient for the complete treatment of lesions occurring in bones. Fracture healing is a regenerative process that includes the proliferation of mesenchymal cells, chondrogenesis, angiogenesis and bone formation. Different systemic and local variables which affect the regaining of the physical and mechanical properties of the bone tissue where the lesion has occurred play a role in this process. In the light of previous scientific research, the aim of this paper was to provide information about the options for different applications to be able to obtain rapid treatment through an understanding of the many complex processes in fracture healing.